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Institute of Evolutionary Medicine (IEM)

The Italian Paleopathology Project

Research Scope

This project aims to analyse material of paleopathological relevance from the Italian Peninsula using several (mainly non-invasive) methodologies and approaches. The investigation includes human skeletal remains, mummies, artistic representations and literary sources and is performed as part of a collaboration with Italian colleagues and research groups.

Main Goal

To reassess and better describe the morphology and historical presentation of disease throughout history in the Italian Peninsula.

Spin-off research

The history of medical, anatomical and anthropological sciences and of evolutionary thought in Italy.

Published IEM articles

  • Galassi, Francesco M; Habicht Michael E; Rühli, Frank J. Dante Alighieri’s Narcolepsy (2016). Lancet Neurology, 15(3):245.
  • Galassi, FM; Gruppioni, G; Ruggeri, A; Bianucci, R; Rühli, FJ. Luigi Calori (1807 – 1896). Journal of Neurology. Epub ahead of print.
  • Galassi, Francesco M; Rühli, Frank J (2015). A case of temporal arteritis in Filippino Lippi's (1459-1504) Saint Frediano? Clinical Rheumatology:Epub ahead of print.
  • Gelsi, Rossella; Ruggeri, Alessandro; Petti, Kevin; Ashrafian, Hutan; Keding, Logan;Fini, Filippo; Rühli, Frank J; Galassi, Francesco M (2015). The mermaid models of the Bologna wax collection. HAPS EDucator Journal of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society, 20(1):56-58.
  • Armocida, Emanuele; Böni, Thomas; Rühli, Frank J; Galassi, Francesco M (2015). Does acromegaly suffice to explain the origin of Pulcinella? A novel interpretation.European Journal of Internal Medicine. Epub ahead of print.
  • Galassi, F M; Rühli, F J (2015). Depiction of differential etiologies of dwarfism by Il Veronese (1528-1588). Journal of Endocrinological Investigation:Epub ahead of print.
  • Galassi FM, Bianucci R, Gorini G, Paganotti GM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. The sudden death of Alaric I (c. 370-410AD), the vanquisher of Rome: A tale of malaria and lacking immunity. Eur J Intern Med. 2016 Mar 9.
  • Galassi FM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. Dante Alighieri's narcolepsy. Lancet Neurol. 2016 Mar;15(3):245.