Using state-of-the-art diagnostic techniques (such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), micro-CT, portable X-ray, etc.), we investigate how diseases have manifested in antiquity to learn more about evolutionary aspects of human health for the present. A particular focus lies on the interdisciplinary analysis of preserved ancient human soft-tissues (whole mummies, samples of internal organs). Another important goal of this research group is the application of novel diagnostic imaging methods as well as the adaptation of established diagnostic imaging methods to field research. Improved and validated non-invasive diagnostic imaging of ancient human soft tissues, supplemented by correlative histological and genetic analyses, will allow to detect and interpret non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases or cancer with greater reliability.